Archive for January, 2012

President’s Choice organic baby cereals recalled

Thursday, January 19th, 2012

01/19/2012  | Shawne McKeown,

Loblaw Companies Ltd. is recalling several types of its President’s Choice brand organic baby cereals after an unpleasant and rancid smell and taste has been reported.

The grocery chain announced the recall Wednesday and there has been at least one report of illness.

Here’s a look at the affected products:

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is urging parents and caregivers to monitor for symptoms of nausea, vomiting and diarrhea if a child has consumed a rancid product.

For more information on the recall contact President’s Choice at 1-888-495-5111 or ; or call the CFIA at 1-800-442-2342.

Increased Risk of Developing Asthma by Age of Three After Cesarean

Thursday, January 12th, 2012 (Jan. 10, 2012) — A new study supports previous findings that children delivered by Caesarean section have an increased risk of developing asthma.

The study from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) suggests that children delivered by Caesarean section have an increased risk of asthma at the age of three. This was particularly seen among children without a hereditary tendency to asthma and allergies.

Data from more than 37 000 participants in the MoBa study were used to study the relationship between delivery method and the development of lower respiratory tract infections, wheezing and asthma in the first three years of life. Children born by planned or emergency Caesarean section were compared with those born vaginally.

The results indicate that children born by Caesarean section have a slightly elevated risk for asthma at three years, but have no increased risk of frequent lower respiratory tract infections or wheezing. The increased risk of asthma among children delivered by Caesarean section was higher among children of mothers without allergies.

Unlikely caused by birth method

“It is unlikely that a Caesarean delivery itself would cause an increased risk of asthma, rather that children delivered this way may have an underlying vulnerability,” said Maria Magnus, a researcher at the Department of Chronic Diseases at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Magnus is the primary author of the article published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

Children delivered by Caesarean section may have an increased risk of asthma due to an altered bacterial flora in the intestine that affects their immune system development, or because children born this way often have an increased risk of serious respiratory problems during the first weeks of life.

Weird TTC Terms — Decoded

Monday, January 9th, 2012

Fertility  Jargon Decoded.


This is when a woman misses her period for three or four months in a row.


Aneuploidy is when there are an abnormal number of chromosomes in a cell. This could cause miscarriage or health problems in the baby.

Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH)

This protein gets your eggs ready to be released. If you get fertility testing, your doc may check your blood’s AMH levels to make sure your ovaries are still popping out eggs.

Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)

Fertility treatments and procedures that involve surgically removing eggs and combining them with sperm (outside the body) to help you get pregnant are referred to as ART.


This is a male fertility problem. It’s when his semen doesn’t contain any sperm.


Once an egg is fertilized, it’s known as a blastocyst. It begins a development phase that ends when it implants into the uterine wall.

Cervical Mucus

Sorry, but this may sound gross. Cervical mucus is secreted from the cervix. It’s produced by the hormone estrogen in the first part of your monthly menstrual cycle. That’s why many TTCers check their discharge for signs of cervical mucus — it clues them in on when they might ovulate.

Clomiphene Citrate

You might know this as Clomid. It’s a fertility drug that’s used to trigger the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which can jump-start the ovulation process.

Egg Donation

In this fertility treatment, a woman who’s infertile uses donated eggs, taken from a fertile woman, to do an ART procedure.


Once an egg has been fertilized and starts dividing, it becomes an embryo.

Embryo Donation

Sometimes, embryos (unused from other reproductive procedures) are donated to other women so they can try ART to get pregnant.


In this health condition, tissue that’s normally inside the uterus grows in other places, such as on the fallopian tubes and ovaries. This can cause bleeding, scarring, pelvic pain and infertility.


This is the hormone in a woman’s body that makes her eggs mature and causes her endometrium to start thickening to prep for pregnancy.

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

This hormone is part of reproduction for both men and women. In men, it stimulates sperm production and keeps it going. In women, it matures egg follicles — that’s why having high levels of FSH could mean she has few eggs left and may have trouble conceiving. Fertility experts believe that FSH levels over 10 to 15 mIU/mL can be a sign of weakened fertility.

Gestational Carrier

You’ve probably heard of this, commonly called a surrogate. This is a woman who gets pregnant with someone else’s baby. A couple dealing with fertility problems might have their embryo implanted in a gestational carrier’s uterus. She carries the child through to delivery, even though she has no genetic relationship with it (as opposed to traditional surrogacy, in which the carrier is genetically related to the child).

Hysterosalpingogram (HSG)

If your doctor suspects your fallopian tubes could be blocked, you might get this X-ray test in which dye is injected into the cervix to show where any blockage might be. The procedure normally takes 15 to 20 minutes, and you may feel cramping that’s similar to what you experience during your period. Generally, you should be able to get results at the time of the procedure.


So what’s the difference between having trouble trying to get pregnant and being infertile? Well, if the woman is under age 34, she and her partner are considered infertile if they’ve been having 12 months of sex without contraceptives and haven’t conceived. If she’s over 35, they’re considered infertile after six months of trying.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

In this procedure, a single sperm is injected directly into an egg.

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

This is when sperm are placed in a woman’s uterus to help her get pregnant.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

This ART procedure involves removing eggs from a woman’s ovaries and fertilizing them outside her body. The resulting embryos are then transferred into the woman’s uterus through the cervix.

Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

A hormone produced by the pituitary gland, in women it’s responsible for the monthly release of an egg. In men, LH is responsible for starting the production of testosterone.

Obstetrician-Gynecologist (ob-gyn)

These are trained physicians who diagnose and treat female reproductive health issues, and care for women during pregnancy, childbirth and during post-birth recovery.


Ovulation is the term used to define the release of an egg (usually one, though sometimes more) from a woman’s ovary.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is technically a hormonal imbalance, earmarked by any two of the following three characteristics: overproduction of androgens (male hormones), irregular menstrual cycles and an ultrasound demonstrating polycystic-appearing ovaries. Some women with this disorder experience a degree of insulin resistance as well.

Premature Ovarian Failure

This is the loss of normal function of the ovaries, which causes a woman to have irregular periods or no periods at all.


This hormone helps to improve the condition of the endometrium, making it more receptive to implantation.

Reproductive Endocrinologist

These doctors specialize in reproductive endocrine disorders and infertility.

Retrograde Ejaculation

This refers to the entry of semen into the bladder instead of going through the urethra during ejaculation.


This is the sperm and the seminal fluid that’s secreted during ejaculation.

Semen Analysis

The microscopic examination of semen, this helps determine the number of sperm (sperm count), their shapes (morphology) and their ability to move (motility).

Sperm Donation

This is when a donation of sperm is made to help a woman get pregnant.


In traditional surrogacy, a woman is inseminated with the sperm of a man who is not her partner in order to conceive and carry a child to be reared by the biologic (genetic) father and his partner. In this procedure, the surrogate is genetically related to the child. The biologic father and his partner must usually adopt the child after its birth. In gestational surrogacy, the baby and the surrogate aren’t related (see Gestational Carrier, above).

Testicular Sperm Extraction (TESE)

This minor surgical procedure involves the removal of a small sample of testicular tissue in order to retrieve sperm for use in an IVF cycle.


A male sex hormone, it’s produced in the testicles and aids in the production of sperm.

Tubal Factor Infertility

Tubal factor infertility is defined as either a complete or partial blockage and/or scarring of the fallopian tubes. Tubal factor infertility causes a disruption of egg pickup and transport, fertilization and also embryo transport from the fallopian tube down into the uterus where the embryo implants.


This is a physician who specializes in the treatment of disorders and diseases related to male and female urinary organs and male reproductive organs.


This cause of male infertility occurs when varicose veins are present in the blood vessels above the testes.

Source: The American Fertility Association

Fetal Gender Predicted By Simple Blood Test In The First Trimester

Friday, January 6th, 2012

A new research study published in the January 2012 edition of The FASEB Journal* describes findings that could lead to a non-invasive test that would let expecting mothers know the sex of their baby as early as the first trimester. Specifically, researchers from South Korea discovered that various ratios of two enzymes (DYS14/GAPDH), which can be extracted from a pregnant mother’s blood, indicate if the baby will be a boy or a girl. Such a test would be the first of its kind.

“Generally, early fetal gender determination has been performed by invasive procedures such as chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis. However, these invasive procedures still carry a one to two percent risk of miscarriage and cannot be performed until 11 weeks of gestation. Moreover, reliable determination of fetal gender using ultrasonography cannot be performed in the first trimester, because the development of external genitalia is not complete,” said Hyun Mee Ryu, M.D., Ph.D., a researcher involved in the work from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynocology at Cheil General Hospital and Women’s Healthcare Center at the KwanDong University School of Medicine in Seoul, Korea. “Therefore, this can reduce the need for invasive procedures in pregnant women carrying an X-linked chromosomal abnormality and clarify inconclusive readings by ultrasound.”

To make this discovery, Ryu and colleagues collected maternal plasma from 203 women during their first trimester of pregnancy. The presence of circulating fetal DNA was confirmed by a quantitative methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction of U-PDE9A. Multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to simultaneously quantify the amount of DYS14 and GAPDH in maternal plasma. The results were confirmed by phenotype at birth.

“Although more work must be done before such a test is widely available, this paper does show it is possible to predict the sex of a child as early as the first few weeks after conception,” said Gerald Weissmann, M.D., Editor-in-Chief of The FASEB Journal. “At present, parents are sometimes given the wrong information about the sex of their unborn child; this test should prove helpful in resolving any uncertainties of today’s ultrasound observations.”

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